SP4PHC in the Philippines
The Philippines Universal Health Care (UHC) Law offers an unprecedented opportunity to make the purchasing of primary health care more strategic. The law mandates radical structural reforms in the health sector, including universal insurance coverage through PhilHealth, expanded primary health care benefits, among others. SP4PHC is providing technical support to the Department of Health and PhilHealth to design and implement the provisions of the UHC law in order to strengthen purchasing of primary health care, especially family planning and maternal, newborn and child health services. For more information, view our Philippines overview presentation and one pager. To see how our SP4PHC team in the Philippines has helped its government respond to Covid-19, view our Covid-19 response page.
SP4PHC has three key strategies to strengthen primary health care access and quality in the Philippines.
Strategy 1: Promoting primary health care through Health Care Provider Networks (HCPNs)
The UHC Law calls for the reorganization of providers into HCPNs, which have the potential to enhance continuity of care and improve patient referral systems. SP4PHC is working with the Department of Health to develop national-level HCPN guidelines and tools and is directly supporting two provincial UHC Integration sites in Region 6 to test the implementation of HCPNs.
Strategy 2: Harnessing government action to engage private providers
Demand outstrips supply for family planning services in the Philippines, especially for long-acting reversible contraceptives. Reimbursements from PhilHealth, the agency that manages the country’s national health insurance scheme, should offer an opportunity for the private sector to fill service delivery gaps. However, only a limited number of private providers have opted to provide family planning services and seek PhilHealth reimbursement. SP4PHC is supporting the government to explore why private primary health care facilities are not registering with PhilHealth to deliver reproductive health services, especially family planning. Building from our findings, SP4PHC is collaborating with PhilHealth and the Commission on Population and Development to identify policy changes that will encourage private providers to engage with PhilHealth to offer family planning services.
Strategy 3: Catalyzing PhilHealth’s impact through an expanded primary health care benefit package
High coverage of key maternal, newborn and child health interventions has had limited impact on maternal mortality in the Philippines. A critical challenge remains improving quality of services. SP4PHC is working with PhilHealth to design expanded benefit packages for primary health care and to establish quality standards for these benefits. SP4PHC will support PhilHealth in the monitoring and evaluation of the new benefit package in UHC Integration sites, including an evaluation of impact on maternal, newborn and child health and family planning quality.
These three factsheets below serve as a reference and aim to visualize the latest data and trends on purchasing family planning, maternal & newborn health services, and a broader overview of purchasing in the Philippines. Each factsheet also highlights some of the activities the SP4PHC country team is working on with local stakeholders within that topic area. These factsheets are updated annually (latest in May 2021).
Featured Learning Products
An Introduction to the Philippines Universal Health Care Law
With the passage of the Universal Health Care (UHC) Law in February 2019, the Philippines is pursuing health sector reform that aims to ensure financial protection and access to health services for all Filipinos. ThinkWell is providing technical assistance to national and local governments in support of the progressive implementation of the UHC Law. To document and share learning from these efforts, ThinkWell introduces The Philippine UHC Law Series, a series of briefs that will explore the nuances of the UHC Law and its implications to the country’s health system. This introductory brief, published in May 2020, provides an overview of the major provisions of the law.
Provincial Family Planning Landscape: Experiences and Insights from Antique and Guimaras
The implementation of the UHC Law in the Philippines presents an opportunity for local governments to redesign health programs to be more responsive to population health needs. As UHC Integration Sites, the provinces of Antique and Guimaras seek to ensure to high quality family planning services as they work towards province-wide integration of health systems. This brief published in July 2021 describes the family planning context of both provinces, analyzes the different factors that affect family planning service delivery, and presents opportunities for strengthening family planning services through the implementation of the UHC Law.
Policy and Implementation Insights on Provider Payment Reforms of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
The UHC Law enacted in 2019 aims to revitalize PhilHealth’s role and capacity to become the national strategic purchaser of health services. To meet its mandate, PhilHealth committed to create policies according to priority reform areas such as diagnosis-related groups, global budget payment, primary care, co-payment schemes, and costing of health services. In 2020, ThinkWell facilitated learning sessions with representatives from PhilHealth to help inform the development of health financing and provider payment policies. This report documents discussions and recommendations from the learning sessions.
Health Financing in the Philippines
The UHC Law enacted in 2019 introduces reforms to the three health financing functions: revenue generation, pooling, and purchasing. It puts primary care at the center of the health system by reorganizing the roles of institutions, shifting towards more prepayment schemes, and improving the overall purchasing arrangements. This brief published in December 2020 describes the current health financing arrangements in the Philippines, highlights challenges, and explains how the UHC Law is designed to respond to these challenges.
Ensuring Equitable Population Coverage: Immediate Eligibility to PhilHealth Benefits
The COVID-19 pandemic has stifled nations across the globe in their pursuit for Universal Health Care (UHC)—and the countries that make up the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are no exception. A new blog highlights how experts, including Dr. Marife Yap of ThinkWell Philippines, believe ASEAN countries can promote sustainable health care financing and make UHC a reality.
SP4PHC aims to improve how governments purchase primary health care services, with a focus on family planning and maternal, newborn, and child health. SP4PHC is supported by a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.