In Jordan, we supported the government’s commitment to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) through improving equity and efficiency in the delivery of health services. Under a UNICEF-funded project, we collaborated with the High Health Council of Jordan to conduct health systems research that assessed health inequity, especially as it related to adolescents and refugees. In this research, we first measured out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure on health and catastrophic health spending across different socio-economic groups. Second, we analyzed the distribution of public subsidies for health or the “benefits” of government-financed health services. Third, we measured inequity in healthcare utilization across different socio-economic groups and the determinants of this inequity. Throughout this work, ThinkWell used methodologies such as benefit-incidence analysis and multi-level modelling techniques.